What Is the Most Terrible Complication of Kidney Disease

2019-02-21 17:14

What Is the Most Terrible Complication of Kidney DiseaseWhat is the most terrible complication of kidney disease? Most patients may think of kidney failure or uremia. But for 90% of patients won’t have kidney failure throughout their life, so the most terrible complication of kidney disease is not uremia. From the progression of kidney disease, we can see that the various complications are the most detrimental to kidney function.

Most complications come earlier than uremia, which can speed up kidney failure. Therefore, you should not ignore them. One of the most serious complications of kidney disease is cardiovascular disease.

Why are kidney patients prone to cardiovascular disease?

1. Renal hypertension

Hypertension is one of the typical symptoms of kidney disease. Usually, many renal patients in stage 3 of CKD begin to detect hypertension. After renal insufficiency, the role of kidney in regulating water and sodium is not stable. Retention of water and sodium in the body will lead to increased blood pressure. In addition, renal cell fibrosis and sclerosis lead to blockage of blood vessels, which will also affect the situation of blood pressure. Hypertension is one of the important factors causing cardiovascular diseases, which leads to a higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases in kidney patients.

2. Renal function affects systemic function

Kidney is an important metabolic organ of the body. Once severely damaged, it will affect the whole body. Not only will it cause elevated blood pressure, but it will also cause disorders of lipid and sugar metabolism and increase the risk of atherosclerosis. In addition, renal anemia, and malnutrition can lead to myocardial hypoxia and parathyroid hyperfunction. Nephrotic Syndrome patients are prone to thrombosis. All of these will increase the incidence of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis.

Although kidney patients are at greater risk of cardiovascular disease than normal people, the good news is that the disease is preventable and treatable.

To prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases, kidney patients can do these measures well in advance:

1. Diet: More Fresh Fruits and Vegetables and Less Meat

Kidney patients who eat three meals a day should be reasonably matched, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and take more vitamins and cellulose, which is conducive to protecting kidney function and reducing pressure on heart and blood vessels. Foods containing fat and high cholesterol should be eaten less to alleviate the metabolic pressure of the kidney. At the same time, we should adhere to low-salt diet, light diet, low amount of high-quality protein diet to ensure nutrition while avoiding malnutrition.

Specific daily intake of vegetables at least 500 g, fruit 300 g, meat daily no more than 100g.

Adhering to the "five low and one high" principle of kidney diet is not only conducive to the treatment of proteinuria, hypertension and other diseases, delay renal function, but also play a positive role in the prevention and treatment of complications.

2. Life: More exercise, no smoking, no alcohol

In addition to adhering to healthy and reasonable eating habits, other bad habits that are not conducive to the kidney and heart should also be corrected by kidney patients. For example, smoking will definitely raise blood pressure, which is harmful to the heart. Kidney patients should give up smoking, and drinking. In peacetime, we should also pay attention to proper exercise, which is conducive to maintaining systemic blood circulation and reducing the incidence of coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis and other heart diseases.

3. Inspection: Regular review of relevant indicators

Kidney disease treatment can not be separated from a variety of persistence, and regular review is an important means of prevention and treatment of disease. When examining some important indicators of renal function, such as proteinuria quantification, serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, glomerular filtration rate, endogenous creatinine clearance rate, kidney patients should also pay attention to some complications related indicators, such as blood sugar, lipid, blood pressure, and electrocardiogram. In serious case, angiography should be done.

Now you know the most terrible complication of kidney disease - cardiovascular disease. For more information on kidney disease, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.

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