Chronic Kidney Disease

Nowadays more and more people suffer from Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). In the following, let's have an overview of such a disorder from six aspects.

What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD is a slow and progressive loss of kidney function over years, eventually leading to kidney failure. As kidneys are important organs with many functions in the body, including producing hormones, absorbing minerals, and filtering blood and producing urine, when your kidneys fail to work adequately, a series of symptoms and complications will present. When the disease develops to uremia, all of your body systems may be affected. Therefore, early detection and treatment is necessary to keep CKD from getting worse.

What causes CKD?

There are two causes of CKD. One is congenital deficiency, the other is acquired damage. Congenital deficiency refers that kidneys are born weak or deficient, whereas acquired damage refers to the renal damage caused by unhealthy lifestyle (such as consuming too much fat, sugar and protein) or environment pollution (which can cause massive heavy metals invade into body). Both of them can break the immune balance and decrease oxidation resistance, as a result, body can not clear waste products out adequately. And then oxygen radical, immune complexes, heavy metal ions, excess blood cholesterol, blood sugar, blood uric acid, blood urea, blood creatinine and some other waste products build up in the body, which in turn cause further damage to your immune balance ability. This is a vicious circle. The gradual lost of immune balance ability and born kidney weakness can give rise to kidney inflammation, which over time can impair kidney function gradually.

Five stages of CKD

Chronic Kidney Disease

What are the signs and symptoms of CKD?

Our kidneys have immense compensative capacity. When some renal tissues are damaged, some other ones will work hard to maintain the normal function of your body. That is why in the early stage of CKD, you can hardly realize the existence of CKD. But with the progression of disease, more and more symptoms and complications will appear and become worse. Different kidney patients have different physical conditions and clinical manifestation. Here are some of signs and symptoms most common to see among CKD patients.

-Swelling or edema or weight gain from fluid buildup in your tissues

-Proteinuria or foamy urine or bubbly urine

-Hematuria or blood urine which is classified into gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria

-Frequent urination at night or urinate less than normal

-Back pain

-Fatigue and weakness

-Hypertension or high blood pressure that is difficult to control

-Persistent itching


-Muscle cramps


-Nausea and vomiting

-Poor appetite

-Metallic taste in mouth

-Bone pain

How is CKD treated?

Treatment options vary, depending on the root cause. In most cases, doctors prescribe various medications to help you control your symptoms and complications. For example, high blood pressure medications like ACEI or ARBs, medications to control proteinuria like steroids and immunosuppressants, medications to relieve swelling like diuretics, medications to treat anemia like EPO and iron supplements, medications to protect your bones like vitamin D, etc.

How does our hospital treat CKD?

From the causes of CKD, we can see that it is associated with the accumulated waste products in blood, thereby Toxin-Removing Treatment is often applied into CKD treatment. It can clear those waste products from body via urine, stool and sweat, proving good blood condition for kidney self-healing and other medication application. It can also activate blood circulation to remove stasis so that enough essential elements such as oxygen, nutrients and active ingredients can be taken into nidus with fluent blood circulation to speed up kidney recovery. As the treatment is ongoing, your kidney function will get gradual improvement. And then associated symptoms and complications will become relieved or disappear.

What can CKD patients eat?

Because of declined kidney function, kidneys can not remove waste products adequately from body. To lighten the load of wastes on the kidneys, it is necessary for you to make some changes in diet. Different patients have different conditions, so their diet plans vary. Generally speaking, a low salt and protein diet is good for health. But it does not mean you should avoid their intake. Besides, to consume more fresh vegetables and fruits is good, but please pay attention to their potassium content.

What is the life expectancy of CKD patients?

CKD is not a disease that can threaten your life. Even if it develops to kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplant can be done to maintain your life. Therefore, as long as you keep on treatment to control it well, you can lead a full life.

Hope the above information on CKD is helpful for you. If you have any other questions on CKD, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.

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